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Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Signs and Prevention

Disclaimer: Not medical or professional advice.

Sex is one of the critical parts of the relationship. But it also has a dark side. Intimacy, especially unprotected and frequent partner change, is often a cause of infection, transmitted through sexual contact (STD). But not all these infections are detected quickly. Not all of them are deadly. But sometimes, long-term consequences can change a person’s life forever. Now, there are over 30 detected sexually transmitted infections. Interestingly, almost every year, the number increases.

  • Approximately one million people around the world are infected with STDs daily.
  • Over half a billion people on Earth are affected by genital herpes infection and live with it.
  • The total number of women infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV) is about 300 million — approximately US citizens!

Features of STD are absent of modern diagnostics and treatment; therefore, many become chronic or go into a latent form. They can cause infertility and erectile dysfunction. Despite this, some STDs can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy or infect a child during birth.

What Sex Type is the Most Dangerous?

The incubation period for most STDs is 21 days from the moment of infection and to the moment of symptom manifestation. The causative agents of viral infections are found in all biological fluids of an infected person.

  • In blood.
  • In sperm.
  • In vaginal discharge.
  • In saliva.

These liquids are hazardous in contact with mucous membranes, and this includes sex organs and the mouth. Therefore, STDs can be transmitted during vaginal, oral, and anal sex. Moreover, anal and oral sex is more dangerous than vaginal. Microcracks in the rectal mucosa and trauma to the gums contribute to the most successful infection.

It is also important to remind that condoms can not fully protect you from STDs. It is effective for infections such as gonorrhea or trichomoniasis. Still, it will not save you from genital herpes, human papillomavirus infection, or syphilis. Therefore, the correct and reliable way is to ask your new partner for a doctor’s note. Do not be shy! It is for your own good – regular check-ups and tests are a lot nicer and cheaper than long treatment.

7 Signs of STD in Males

a man at a doctor's appointment

  • Burning and itching during urination.
  • Pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  • Redness, edema, or genitals.
  • Rash on the penis, the head of the penis, and pubis.
  • Increase the size of lymphatic nodes in the groin.
  • Heavy discharge from the urethra.
  • The unpleasant smell of the genitals.

Diseases such as chlamydia, ureaplasmosis, and mycoplasmosis often show blurred symptoms. To prevent them, it is important to regularly do tests for STDs.

In some cases, the infection can pass invisible and with latent or erased symptoms without causing much concern. With this, the infected person remains a source of infections for others.

6 Signs of STD in Females

a woman at a gynecologist's appointment

Vaginal discharge is a physiological phenomenon. Their character changes and is dependent not only on the woman’s age but also on the menstrual cycle phase. Vaginal discharge is normal. The microflora of the vagina contains many microorganisms, which coexist in symbiosis with our body. The dominant part is lactobacilli. All other microorganisms in small amount and their active reproduction inhibit lactobacilli and the acidic environment of the vagina. When this balance is disrupted, there are favorable conditions for infection development. 

What Discharge Should Alert?

  • Profuse foamy or cheesy discharge.
  • Itching of external genitals can be accompanied by painful urination.
  • Redness and edema of genitals.
  • The appearance of sores may be painful but may be asymptomatic.
  • Smell. It can be sharply sour or putrid, fishy.
  • Skin rash.

Any of these symptoms or their combination talk about the presence of sexually transmitted diseases. In Buckhead, you can undergo any tests for identification of sexual infection. Doctors in our clinic will find a treatment scheme for you and will control your recovery.

Learn More about the STD